We asked and you answered! Last week we asked which continents do you have research interests in. Europe was a clear winner at 48.4%, but North America was not far behind at 40.49%. Antarctica fell into last place at only .15%. Don’t forget to check out our bi-monthly newsletter or Facebook page to take the next poll and see how you compare with your fellow genealogists.
Following are some recent news stories and blog posts of relavence to genealogists. I hope you find them as interesting and informative as I do.
The Baltimore Sun reported on a very important archaeological project being conducted in Easton, Maryland, that could change the historical record. Currently the earliest known settlement of free African-Americans is Treme, located in New Orleans in 1812. Researchers are now putting together evidence about The Hill, a community of more than 400 free African-Americans Read more at In Easton, Archaeologists Hope to Uncover Earliest Free African-American Settlement.
This week saw the much-anticipated arrival of the new heir to the British throne, Prince George of Cambridge. Gary Boyd Roberts of the New England Historic Genealogical Society literally wrote the book on the ancestry of the Diana, Princess of Wales. The experts at NEHGS had compiled some notable relations of the baby, including Ellen Degeneres, Humphrey Bogart, Ben Affleck, and Matt Damon. Millions of Americans have connections to the royal baby. You can read more in NEHGS Reveals American Kinships of the Royal Family.
Randy Seaver had an interesting post this week about online information. Researchers often find vast amounts of information online, especially in family trees. The questions is, how much of that information should you include in your own tree. Randy has six guidelines that he follows. Read about it in How Much Online Information Should I Use in my Family Tree?
Finally this week, an interesting series in the Providence Journal. I was raised in Southeastern Massachusetts, where the case of Lizzie Borden actually happened. A few weeks ago marked the 120th anniversary of the trial of Lizzie Borden, when she was acquitted of murdering her father and stepmother. The Journal ran a six-part series recounting the murder and the trial, still a mystery more than a century later. You can read the entire series at Enduring Mystery: The Life and Trials of Lizzie Borden.
The United States Constitution went into effect in June 1788, when New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it. The first U.S. Congress was seated in March 1789 and on April 30 George Washington was inaugurated as the first president. The new constitution provided that the president would be responsible for conducting the nation’s foreign relations. It quickly became obvious that he would need help in these endeavors.
On July 21 Congress passed a law creating the Department of Foreign Affairs. Washington signed it on July 27, creating the first federal agency in America. Two months later the name was changed to the Department of State, which name it continues under today. On September 29 Washington appointed the minister to France as the first secretary of state. His name was Thomas Jefferson.
We often think of the Department of State in terms of foreign policy, treaties, peacekeeping, etc. For genealogists, however, the records created by this agency are invaluable. Starting with State being responsible for overseeing the taking of the first U.S. censuses (before this responsibility was turned over to the Department of the Interior in the 19th century).
Among the pertinent responsibilities of the State Department are protecting and assisting U.S. citizens abroad and assisting U.S. businesses in the international marketplace. It does this through a network of Foreign Service personnel who work around the world.
Now many people think that their families never interacted with State. “My family was too poor to go anywhere, let alone a foreign country.” But you would be surprised how many families were touched by records in the department.
For example, did your naturalized ancestor ever go back to his/her native land to visit? If they needed help when they were in the homeland, there may be a record in the records of the department of state. Were your ancestors merchant sailors? Again, there may be records for you at State.
Countless individuals served as Christian missionaries during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Each and every one of them likely had contact with State at one time or another during their travels, for their passports and visas if for no other reason. This doesn’t even begin to include the number of people who worked in foreign service positions in consulates and embassies around the world.
One of the most valuable sets of records from State are the consular records. These were regular reports from the ambassadors, consuls, and their staffs regarding American citizens. They contain information on who they assisted and how.
Most of the records are unindexed. Usually, however, they are systematically organized; first by country, they chronologically. If you have a sense of when and where your ancestor spent time overseas, it may be worth going through these records.
Records of the Department of State are housed at the National Archives and Records Administration. They can be found in in Record Groups 43, 59, 76, 84, and 353. Visit the NARA website to find more information on these records. You’ll be surprised what you might find.
My guest on today’s Mocavo Fireside Chat was Maureen Taylor, the photo detective. We had a wonderful and exciting chat about photographs and genealogy. One of the things we talked about was her Last Muster project.
The Last Muster began more than a decade ago when someone showed her a photograph of a man who had fought in the Revolutionary War. She wondered how many others from that period were photographed. She was quickly hooked and work began on the first volume. Each book is filled with photographs and profiles of men and women from the Revolutionary War period. And now she is working on her new film project.
I wrote about Revolutionary Voices back in March, when they started their kickstarter campaign. It was incredibly successful and they raised the funds to start moving forward with filming. Over the last few months the cameras have been rolling in New York and New England, visiting the homes, places of worship, and places of burial for these individuals, as well as historical societies and libraries that have manuscript and artifact holdings of these men and women.
Those of you who have never done a film shoot will appreciate the recent blog posts by Pam Cooper. She talks about the filming they have done recently. Those of you who have never been on a shoot will find it interesting. Did you know that most of the work takes place before the cameras even appear onsite? Research has to be done, storyboards created, locations scouted and examined for appropriateness.
Read all about this process on the blog. And check back over the next few days. They will be adding video clips from the filming that I have heard are quite entertaining and informative.
The best news for the production is that they have now gotten 501 (c) 3 status through the Center for Independent Documentary. This means that from now on, anyone who donates to the production can take a tax deduction for the donation.
If you are at all interested in the Revolutionary War period, check out the Revolutionary Voices website. I guarantee you will like what you see.
Newspapers are a valuable resource for genealogists. They, of course, provide acess to marriage records, birth announcements, and obituaries. But beyond that, newspapers can provide information about your ancestors’ social activities. They can also help provide context for your ancestors. Looking at the advertisements, for example, can give you a sense of what the cost of living in the time and place where they lived. Here are five websites that can provide access to newspapers for your research. The vast majority of the newspapers in these databases are unique to each site.
Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers
This database from the Library of Congress is a product of the National Digital Newspaper Program (a program between LC and the National Endowment for the Humanities). The NDNP awards grants to select and digitize 100,000 newspaper pages from microfilm. The database now includes almost 7 million pages of newspapers from 25 states.
Early American Newspapers, 1690–1922
Free through institutions
Early American Newspapers (from Readex) contains the runs of nearly 1,600 newspapers from each of the fifty states. The database is available only to institutions, not individuals. But access to the database is usually granted to individuals freely by public and private libraries. Some institutions even allow you to access the database remotely from your home. There is a major caveat to accessing this database, however. It is subdivided into nine series. Not all libraries subscribe to all nine of the series. The Boston Public Library, for example, subscribes only to the first three series.
GenealogyBank (from Newsbank) contains more than 6,100 newspapers. They date from 1690 to today. In addition to the newspapers, subscribers get access to historical books and documents and the Social Security Death Index.. Subscriptions are available on a monthly or yearly basis.
NewspaperARCHIVE (from Heritage Archives) contains tens of millions of newspaper pages from 1607 to the present. Each month they add about 2.5 million new pages. These newspapers include each of the fifty states, as well as newspapers in Canada and the United Kingdom. You can subscribe month-to-month, or a get a six-month subscription.
British Newspaper Archive
The British Newspaper Archive (from BrightSolid) contains almost 7 million pages of newspapers in the British Isles from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries. Access is either through pay-per-view credits or in subscription packages of 2-day, 7-day, 30-day, or 12-month access. All but the 12-month access have restrictions on the number of pages you can access. Access to the newspapers in this database is also being incorporated into BrightSolid’s other brand, FindMyPast (both the FindMyPast.com and FindMyPast.co.uk websites).
Congratulations to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. This afternoon Duchess Kate gave birth to an 8 pound 6 ounce baby boy. One nice thing about being a part of the royal family is that you don’t need to be a genealogist. There are legions of people out there doing the work for you. Would that we were all so lucky.
Now once the American Revolution was over, the new country was faced with creating all of the rules for setting up its own government. One faction wanted to create a monarchy and anoint George Washington the first king. Fortunately Washington himself as well as numerous others were opposed to creating a new monarchy. This turned out to be a good thing, since Washington had no children and his death would have thrown us into a constitutional crisis by 1800.
Despite this, Americans have an uncanny fascination with the British royal family, and royalty in general. Perhaps this is because we have no royalty of our own. The closest we come is the Kennedy family, members of which have served in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate since 1947 (save for the year 2012).
A number of genealogists are interested in royal ancestries as well. And the interest is not limited to the British monarchy. France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Russia, Spain, the Low Countries, and more all have (or had) royal families.
For those interested in Royal families, you might find some databases created by Brian Tompsett at the University of Hull to be interesting. From the Roman and Byzantine worlds to modern Europe, he has information on thousands of royal families. Check out his Directory of Royal Genealogical Data (some of the links are broken, but most still work).
The new baby, who has not yet been named, is third in line to the British throne, after Prince Charles and Prince William. He will be the forty-third monarch since William the Conqueror in 1066. Queen Elizabeth shows no signs of slowing down. Remembering what happened to her uncle and her father, she is unlikely to abdicate and will reign until her death. She will likely remain on the throne another 5 to 15 years. If she is still on the throne in January 2017 she will become the longest- reigning monarch in British history, surpassing her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria. Prince Charles’ reign will likely be quite short since he is unlikely to ascend to the throne until he is at least in his 70s.
Given the longevity of both of his parents, Charles will likely reign for ten to fifteen years or so. William will likely not ascend to the throne until he is in his 50s, and given the increasing human lifespan will likely reign for four or five decades himself. Barring major illness or accident, this means the child born today is likely to suffer the fate of his grandfather Charles and not ascend to the throne until he is in his 70s. It also means that it will although only fifty years passed between Victoria’s reign and that of Elizabeth II, the monarchy will not likely see another queen on the throne for close to a century after her passing. Today’s new prince may not ascend the throne until 2080 or later. He will be singing “I Just Can’t Wait to be King” for quite some time.
Librarians and archivists can be in charge of anywhere from hundreds to thousands or even millions of documents in their collections. It can be challenging under the best of circumstances to keep track of all of those moving pieces. Older facilities have to contend with even more issues. Through the years, multiple cataloging systems were likely used. And every time materials are recataloged, they have to be arranged on the shelves according to the new system. There is no repository anywhere that hasn’t lost track of items through the year because of miscataloging or mis-shelving.
Even as august an institution as Harvard University, with its vast financial resources, is not immune from these problems. Members of the cataloging team at Houghton Library made a major discovery on the shelves recently. Historians had long known that a meeting of townspeople in 1767 had Bostonians creating a non-importation agreement, where they would not purchase imported goods. This was in response to the Townsend Acts which levied heavy tariffs on British goods in the colonies.
What the Houghton catalogers found was a set of eight sheets that delineated the agreement not to purchase imported items. It was dated at Boston October 26, 1767. The list of items that would not be purchased included dozens of items, including hats, gloves, cloths, cordage, watches, silversmiths and jewelers wares, silk, cotton, velvet, thread, lace, snuff, mustard, malt liquors, household furniture, chaises, coaches, anchors, and more. The agreement was to take effect December 31, 1767.
The best part is that these eight pre-printed pages are filled with the signatures of hundreds of Bostonians. The document contains the names of well-known Bostonians such as Paul Revere, who clearly was the first singer, with a large signature and flourishes a la fellow Bostonian John Hancock on the Declaration of Independence nine years later. His riding partner William Dawes also signed the document. But it is important to note that not all of the signatories were the rebellious type. The names of a number of loyalists also appear. A number of the signers attached notes, such as “for one year,” to their names. Perhaps most notable are the names of women, interleaved among the men. These women were signing independently of their husbands or fathers, of their own volition.
The town of Boston had an adult population of about 7,000 individuals at the time. More than 650 people signed the document. That is almost 10% of the adults in the town. When you consider that the vast majority of the adults were married to each other, this may represent as many as 15 to 20% of all the families in the town.
The pages are filled with well known Boston family surnames, such as Berry, Brattle, Call, Emmons, Farmer, Gibson, Gill, Greenough, Kneeland, Nowell, Pierce, Pool, and Williams. I, of course, looked for the names of member of Benjamin Franklin’s family who still resided in Boston at the time, and found a number of them among the signers, including Thomas Dawes, Jr., Samuel Emmons, William Homes, Jr., and Barnabas Webb. Interestingly, on the last page of the document is the signature of a woman named Elizabeth Franklin. To the left, in pencil, is written “sister of B.F.” with a hand-drawn finger pointing to Elizabeth’s name. This is patently incorrect. Franklin’s sister Elizabeth died in 1759, and her surname was Douse at the time of her death. While Franklin had two sisters-in-law named Elizabeth, these women would have been about 70 years old by 1767, and the crisp and clear signature appears to belong to a much younger woman.
The staff at Houghton has digitized the pages and made them available online to the public. You can view them on the Harvard University Library website.
Thomas MacEntee is one of the busiest genealogists in America. He speaks across the country and around the world, in person and via webinars. And he does wonders working with bloggers in the genealogical community. And now he is up to something new and different.
Today Thomas launched his new website, Hack Genealogy. A hack is a solution for a problem. A life hack is a technique for solving everyday problems. So what is Hack Genealogy? According to Thomas, “Hack Genealogy is about ‘re-purposing today’s technology for tomorrow’s genealogy’ and a little bit more. Hack Genealogy is more than just a list of resources. Hack Genealogy provides information on emerging technology inside and outside the genealogy industry. Hack Genealogy wants readers to understand how others succeed in genealogy.”
- The Cool GenStuff section is updated daily. There are three areas of this section:
- Genealogy and Technology News
- New Apps, Programs, and Websites – Oh My!
- Technology for Genealogy Group on Facebook
The Resources section provides links to websites with information about helpful products, services, apps, and more. These are divided into subcategories such as Apps, Death Records, Expense and Finance Management, Gadgets, Maps, Project and Task Management, Search, Scanning, and much more. The list can be sorted by link, category, or the date added.
Thomas has included some educational videos as well. His “explorinars” are done from the perspective of the viewer watching over his shoulder. He has plans to add other webinars and educational guides in the near future.
Other future sections include:
- Discussions and Issues
- GenBiz Buzz
- How Do You Hack Genealgy? Interviews
- Product Reviews
Thomas is very knowledgeable and popular. He is one of the smartest and savviest people in the field. I’m certain he will have much success with this new endeavor. Check it out at HackGenealogy.com.
Marriage records are a great resource for genealogists. These records played an interesting role in my weekend. Last Saturday I had honor of conducting the wedding of my friends Mike and Joseph. It combined elements of various traditions from an American Buddhist and a Chinese Christian. On Sunday I went with friends to Brimfield, Massachusetts, to a very large antiques show. One of my deals was an 1817 English marriage certificate from St. Martin in the Fields, Westminster.
Civil registration of marriage records can contain a lot of helpful genealogical information. But in many localities, it isn’t enough. For example, not all jurisdictions ask for the names of the parents or the birthplaces of the bride and groom. Fortunately there is quite often a church marriage record for the couple that might provide more information.
Unfortunately, there is often no direct correlation between the information in the record and a specific church. But you can use that information to locate additional records of the marriage. The place to look is the officiant. In addition to the name of the person conducting the ceremony, there is often a title or acronym for a title. For example you might see:
- Justice of the Peace or J.P.
- Minister of the Gospel or M.G.
The use of the title rabbi would pretty clearly indicate that the couple was Jewish. By the same token, the title minister of the gospel is a clear indicator of a Protestant denomination. Unfortunately it does not necessarily indicate a particular denomination. The same is true of the title clergyman.
When people see the word priest they immediately think of Catholics. While Catholic clergy are called priest, it is not the only denomination to do so. Episcopalians for example, also use the term priest. In this instance the title is insufficient to determine which church the marriage took place in.
One way you can find the church is to take the name of the officiant and look for him or her in a city directory. Look for the name in the alphabetical listing first. If there is no indication of the denomination there, look for a listing of churches in the business section. The church listings often include the clergy assigned to that church. You can also take the street address of the clergyperson (from the marriage record or the alphabetical part of the directory) and match that to one of the churches.
Of course, sometimes weddings are not conducted by any type of clergy. If the officiant was a justice of the peace, for example, there will be no church record as there was no church service. The only official record of the marriage will be the civil registration. You might, however, look for the personal papers of the justice of the peace. He or she might have kept a personal record of the marriages he or she conducted.
I fall under none of the above categories. I received a special license from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to conduct the wedding. The civil registration is the only record there will be of the marriage.