We asked and you answered!
Last week we asked ”Have you ever used nonpopulation census schedules in your research.”
Nonpopulation census schedules sure are popular with the Mocavo Community! More than 90% of the community has used at least one of the different types of nonpopulation census schedules. The most used nonpopulation census schedules are mortality and agriculture.
Did you know that you can search the United States Federal Census for free at Mocavo? Start making discoveries now in the US Federal Census.
This week’s news roundup takes us on a quite a journey. We start with a discussion about DNA and genealogy, then Judy Russell explains to us what a prothonotary is, and then learn about good news for those looking at the family history of adoptees in Illinois. We finish up with two stories about people finding interesting stories in their family history.
The Scientist is a magazine for life science professionals. This week an article was published that discusses the boom of DNA testing in the field of family history. One of the interviewed experts states “We have a generally low genetic literacy in the U.S. and elsewhere. . . If someone misunderstands what a test means, or is unhappy with the service, oftentimes it is the result of not understanding what they’re buying.” You can read more in DNA Ancestry for All.
Judy Russell is one of the most helpful genealogy bloggers out there. This week she helps us understand another term: the prothonotary. She starts with an apocryphal story about Harry Truman. “The story is told of President Harry Truman being introduced to a prothonotary in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and, in typical Trumanesque fashion, asking the question. ‘What the hell is a prothonotary?’” Find out exactly what a prothonotary is in Of Clerks and Fences.
Adoptees and their descendants just got great news from the state of Illinois. Recognizing the importance to those who were adopted of understanding their family history, especially in terms of medical issues, the governor of Illinois this week signed a new law that will allow them access to the original birth certificates, which have heretofore been closed. Find out more on the story from WLS in Chicago in New Law Helps Illinois Adoptees Seeking Family History.
Mission Local is a project of the Graduate School of Journalism at the University of California/Berkeley. Elizabeth Creely relocated to San Francisco twenty-three years ago, settling in the Mission district. Little did she know that her new home was within a block of where her great-great-grandparents lived. She has since learned of the great contributions these Irish immigrants and their descendants have made. Read more about their story in The Irish Mission: A Family History.
Like most American schoolchildren, thirty-seven-year-old Trent Megill learned the story of the most well-known feud in American history: the Hatfields and the McCoys. A few months ago, during the course of researching his family history, he discovered that his ancestors were involved in their own feud in Florida; one between the Whitehurst and Stevenson families that cost more than a dozen lives. Read more in Genealogy Research Reveals Blood Feud Between Local Families.
We all know that in America women can be difficult to research. Here are five blogs dealing with women in history that are interesting, informative, and sometimes just plain fun.
This blog is written by Linda Harris Sittig, “paying tribute to exceptional women in history.” She tells the story of average women doing amazing things. A recent post, for example, tells the story of Emily Roebling. Her father-in-law, John A. Roebling, designed the Brooklyn Bridge. After he died, the task of constructing the bridge fell to his son Washington. Alas, the son suffered from multiple cases of “the bends” (then known as caissons disease). It would be up to Washington’s wife Linda to act in his stead to ensure construction continued and the bridge was finished.
Barbara Wells Sarudy combines images and essays clustered around “some chronological, social, cultural, or academic theme.” In one recent post, Lady Liberty in 18C & Early 19C America, she discusses how “American women would present their appreciation of the nation’s hard-won liberty as handiwork in the form of banners, flags, or standards to groups of soldiers of the United States military.”
This blog, written by an Australian woman named Melisende, is “dedicated to the women who have graced the pages of history, from ancient to modern times.” She especially enjoys discussing women from ancient history, including Ancient Egypt, the Crusades, Japanese history, and the Ottoman empire.
Maggie MacLean is an amateur historian from Southwest Florida. She has written the History of American Women blog since 2007. She deals with women in the Colonial period, the American Revolution, and the 19th century. One of her recent posts discusses Midwives in 19th Century America.
KeriLynn Engel is a freelance writer in Connecticut. She started this blog in 2011 to “bring attention to the lives of amazing women we’ve forgotten about.” Among her recent posts have included the story of Fe del Mundo, First Female Student at Harvard Medical School and Fannie Farmer, the Mother of Level Measurements.
For people of a certain age, the words “We can rebuild him. We have the technology.” conjures memories of Saturday evenings in front of the television watching The Six Million Dollar Man (although in my case, it also brings up memories of my parents having to switch off every other Saturday night because while my brother loved Steve Austin, I was a die-hard fan of Emergency!). For those too young to know, the premise was that Austin was an astronaut who suffered severe injuries in an experimental plane crash. The government spent six million dollars to outfit him with bionic legs as well as an eye and an arm in a project headed by Dr. Rudy Wells.
Many people were subject to horrific injuries during the nineteenth century that caused them to lose limbs or subjected them to disfiguring scarring or worse. The vast majority of these injuries occurred during wars. Unfortunately, too little was known about medicine at the time. Most who suffered catastrophic injuries died of infections and gangrene. But with the advent of the twentieth century, medical treatment was vastly improved.
World War I saw millions of casualties. Tens of thousands of these were injured so badly that limbs needed to be amputated. With medical advances, many people who previously would have died now survived. This prompted incredible advances in prosthetics in both Germany and America. Enter William T. Carnes.
Carnes was a 26-year-old working as a machinist in Pittsburgh in 1902 when his right arm was caught in a milling machine. He was injured so badly that his arm needed to be amputated. He searched everywhere for an artificial limb, but found none that met his needs for form and function.
Thus a man with minimal education started down a path that would eventually help thousands. He became an engineer par excellence, examining even the tiniest movements of human hands and arms to develop mechanisms that would respond to the part of the living arm that remained. He eventually started creating new limbs not only for himself, but for others.
In 1908, Kansas City businessman J.P. Prescott met with an accident at his warehouse that resulted in the amputation of both legs and his left arm. Hearing about Carnes’ success, he ordered a limb from him. He was so impressed that he offered to back Carnes in starting a manufacturing business. He moved to Kansas City and thus was born the Carnes Artificial Limb Company.
Carnes became the leading manufacturer of artificial limbs in the country. His designs were so effective that even today people use limbs based on his patents. He died in Vernon County, Missouri, in 1958, leaving his wife and son. His work changed not only his own life, but the lives of countless others. You can read more about him in The Mother of Invention’s Long Arm. You can read more about those injured in World War I in The ‘Bionic Men’ of World War I.
Nothing lasts forever. And recently Ancestry.com announced that several of their websites would be closed to further updates. One of the biggest disappointments was the news that GenForum would be one of those sites.
GenForum was launched by Cliff Shaw, who later went on to found Mocavo. He designed GenForum as a place where genealogists could come and share genealogical information for free. Over time it grew into the largest message board for genealogy.
Cliff sold GenForum to the Genealogy.com website, and in 2003 Genealogy.com was acquired from the A&E Television Network by Ancestry.com. GenForum has continued to be an extremely popular forum for genealogists to find and share information.
After more than a decade, Ancestry.com has announced that GenForum will be closing to new posts as of September 5, 2014. It will remain online as an archive of the messages posted up to the day before it closes.
Greg Boyd of Arphax publishing made a suggestion on Facebook yesterday that is being picked up by many bloggers, and I wanted to share it with you. He wrote:
“Hey genealogy buddies: here’s an idea that some of you should consider. September 30th will be the last day EVER for Genforum entries. You could literally have the last word on any message threads where bad information has been spread over the years.
After Sep 30th, all message boards will be read-only. Google still gives very high page rankings for Genforum entries by the way.
One word of advice: be sure to use an email address with your account that you plan to keep the rest of your life. If they have an old address on record, you might consider changing your settings to reflect your latest.
Just a thought.”
[Note: there is a conflict in the dates. Greg writes September 30, but the GenForum home page says September 5. Apparently Ancestry.com has delayed the closure date because of their recent outage, but hasn’t changed the date on the website. Don’t wait until the last minute though, so you don’t get locked out!]
By this morning many genealogists, including Judy Russell and Cyndi Ingle were talking about what a wonderful idea this is. And I completely agree. This is a great opportunity to make a valuable contribution.
Take some time to look at your most important lines over the next few weeks. Then post to GenForum about it. This is especially important for lines where there may be major misinformation floating around. Once you post it to a forum, it will be preserved in the archive even after the closure. Visit GenForum today to see what family members you can post about before it is too late.
This week’s news roundup is coming a day early because of the Independence Day holiday here in the United States. This week’s stories include a review of seven apps you can use for your home library, a new crop of online law dictionaries, a family celebrating more than a century and a half in the same town, eight sensational female murderers, and the anniversary of an infamous fire in Irish history.
Emily VanBuren is going for a PhD in history at Northwestern University. She wrote a post for Gradhacker recently that genealogists will find very interesting. Family historians love their books. The problem is, once you reach a certain point, how do you remember whether or not you have a book on your shelf already when you are in the shelves of a used bookstore miles away from home? Emily reviews 7 Apps for Cataloguing Your Home Library.
The Legal Genealogist, Judy G. Russell, brings us an incredibly useful new resource. This week she wrote about a new project at the Georgetown University Law Library down in Washington, D. C. The staff there are working to digitize 87 titles and upload them for the public to use for free at Digital Dictionaries, 1481–1891. Read more in A Defining Moment.
Henry Brown was born in Scotland in 1834. Twenty years later he traversed the Atlantic Ocean to settle in Battle Creek, Michigan, seeking a better life. Over the past century and a half, six generations of the family have continued to contribute to the social fabric of Battle Creek, and the family is working to ensure that future generations remember their contributions. Read more about Henry Brown and his descendants in Living History: Brown Family Celebrating 160 Years in Battle Creek.
We all have black sheep in the family. Unfortunately, even the black sheep are better documented when they are men rather than women. This week Mental Floss ran an interesting piece of some of our female black sheep. The author detailed the stories of women who committed the worst of crimes: killing. But she does show that women’s stories can be recreated. Read more in 7 Sensational Murderers from History.
Lastly, Irish Central ran a report this week about an important anniversary. It was June 30, 1922, one of the worst days in Irish history. By the end of the day, Four Courts was ablaze and records detailing millennia were destroyed. Read more in Irish Family History: Ashes to Archives.
Christ Church is one of the oldest churches in the city. It was founded as a Church of England parish in 1695. It is now a National Historic Landmark. By the 1750s Philadelphia had become the largest city and the busiest port in British North America.
Christ Church is located in the heart of Philadelphia. The parish was home to signers of the Declaration of Independence such as George Ross, Joseph Hewes, Francis Hopkinson, Benjamin Rush, and Benjamin Franklin. Because of its proximity to Independence Hall, it was also the parish of many who lived temporarily in the city, including George Washington. It was also the home parish of countless everyday people.
In 2005, the church received funds to catalog its archival holdings and artifacts in its collections, and to develop online databases for research. In 2012, the Pew Charitable Trusts provided funding to expand the online databases. These databases provide a great deal of valuable information for genealogists.
First and foremost is a database of information from the parish registers. It was created from an index created by the WPA in 1930. The records of St. Peter’s Church prior to its separation from Christ Church in 1832 are also included in the databases. Baptisms and Burials from 1709 to 1900 are included, as well as marriages between 1709 and 1913. It includes the names of the parties, parents for baptisms and burials of minors. You can filter or sort by the type of event. Citations to original volumes are included.
A valuable addition to the database is pew rentals from 1778 to 1785. Information includes the date due, the location of the pew, and the number of seats in the pew. For example, one finds in the database that Benjamin Franklin paid for two sittings in pew number 59 for each of the years included. They have also uploaded a seating plan from the 1760s.
A second database allows you to search Vestry minutes. The records cover almost a century, starting with the earliest surviving records in 1717 through 1815. This database includes images of the original pages as well as a transcription. You can also browse through each of the three volumes, as well as searching across the entire span.
The third database searches for artifacts, archives, and other library materials. Besides a keyword search, an advanced search screen for this database provides a large number of terms you can search on.
If you have English ancestors in colonial Philadelphia, there is a good chance that they might have passed through the doors of Christ Church. Visit the the church’s website for free information that might help you with your family history research.
Six years ago Katy Klettlinger was a 26-year-old department of one. In November of 2008 she started working as the first records manager for Licking County, Ohio in the two centuries of its existence. When she first started, she discovered records in the courthouse attic that dated back to the Civil War era. The county now has a climate-controlled Records and Archives Center and an active records preservation program.
Since she started, more than a million documents have been removed from repositories around the country. They have been cleaned and processed, put into archival storage containers, and moved to the records center. They are also working to make the records more available to the public for research.
The first step in increasing access is creating a catalogue of holdings. About 70% of the materials in the record center have now been catalogued. And hundreds of thousands of documents have been digitized.
The official county website has a section dedicated to the Licking County Records and Archives. The catalogue is available here for searching. The catalogue can be searched by keywords, or an advanced search offering multiple fields such as title, description, dates, and more. Only a few images are available online, but search results provide links to order a copy of the record directly from the archives.
In addition to the catalogue, a number of other resources are available. Researchers can find
- a history of the county
- a history of the county infirmary
- an index to burials in the county infirmary cemetery
- a list of county records stored at other repositories
One of the newest additions is a guide to county court records at the archives. It traces the development of the courts from 1787 to the present. In addition to written information, there are some audio recordings as well. The second section explains how to use these records. A blog contains periodic updates on the activities and records of the archives.
Since 2008, Katy has built the department from a single person to four people, working hard to preserve the past. This August, she will be moving on. She has taken a position with the state library. She leaves behind an excellent organization that is an incredibly valuable resource for genealogists and historians alike. You can read more about her in the Columbus Dispatch, and visit the Licking County website to explore the vast resources available for the county archives.
Summer is a great time for family history. Family vacations can include time for genealogy, with research, family visits, and outings to cemeteries. This summer, why not take some time to include participation in StoryCorps?
StoryCorps celebrated its 10th anniversary last fall. Since 2004, more than 80,000 people have contributed more than 50,000 interviews to the archive. They are creating a valuable genealogical resource for the future.
StoryCorps has a simple formula. Each recording includes two people who know each other well: family members, friends, etc. The two sit in the StoryCorps booth and talk for forty minutes. The subject is pretty much up to them, and topics vary widely.
StoryCorps has a commitment to documenting the stories of a wide variety of groups. They have a number of special outreach projects to document communities, including:
- StoryCorps OutLoud (Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered)
- Military Voices Initiative (veterans, service members, and their families)
- Historias Initiative (Latino/Latinas)
- Griot Initiative (African Americans)
- StoryCorps Legacy (those living with serious illness)
- Memory Loss Initiative (those living with various forms of memory loss)
StoryCorps operates permanent recording locations at Atlanta, Chicago, and San Francisco. It also operates a MobileBooth that travels across the country every year to record stories. This summer it will be visiting Marquette and Grand Rapids, Michigan. Groups can also sponsor a portable recording station to be brought to their location.
For those who cannot get to a recording station (permanent or mobile), there is StoryCorps DIY. You can record and share your story online and submit it to StoryCorps.
The best part of StoryCorps the group’s commitment to preserving these stories for the future. All of the StoryCorps recordings are archived at The American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress. All recordings are available there
Unfortunately, only a selection of recording is available online, at the StoryCorps website. A podcast delivers access to more recordings, and StoryCorps recordings also air on National Public Radio.
Read more about the StoryCorps mission and how you can contribute on the StoryCorps website. You can listen to more stories on the NPR website. And think about spending some time this summer recording your story for the future.